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Serengeti National Park | Everything You Need To Know

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What is Serengeti National Park?

Serengeti National Park is a Tanzanian national park in the Serengeti ecosystem in the Mara and Simiyu regions. It is famous and known for its annual desertion of more than 1.5 million white (or salted) wild beards, 250,000 zebras, and many Nile crocodiles and honey badger.

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Serengeti National Park | Everything You Need To Know 4

History of Serengeti National Park

The Masai people were grazing their livestock on the open plains of the eastern Mara region, which they called the “Endless Plains” about 200 years ago when the first Austrian European explorer Oscar Bowman visited the region in 1892.

The name “Serengeti” is an approximation of the word Masai uses to describe the region, Serengeti, which means “the place where the earthworks forever”.

The first American to enter Serengeti, Stuart Edward White, recorded his explorations in northern Serengeti in 1913. He returned to Serengeti in the 1920s and camped in the area around Sironera for three months. During this time, he and his companions shot 50 blacks.

Geography of Serengeti National Park

The park covers 14,750 square kilometers (5,700 square miles) of pasture plains, savannahs, riverine forests, and forests.

The park is located in northwestern Tanzania, and is bordered on the north by the Kenyan border, where it continues with the Masai Mara National Reserve.

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area is located to the southeast of the park, Maswa Game Reserve is located in the southwest, and Ikorongo and Grumeti Game Reserve are to the west. The Loliondo Game Control Zone is to the northeast and east. Together, these regions make up the largest Serengeti ecosystem.


The park is known worldwide for its abundance of wildlife and high biodiversity.

Migratory wildlife – and some residents – of more than 1.5 million individuals, make up the largest number of large mammals still roaming the planet.

They join them on their journey through the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem through 200,000 zebra plains, 300,000 Thomson’s gazelle, Grant’s gazelle, and tens of thousands of Toby and Hartebeest. Masai giraffe, waterbook, impala, common pigs, and hippo are also abundant.

The five most popular animals among tourists are the Big Five, which include:

1- Lion: Serengeti is believed to have the largest number of lions in Africa, due in part to an abundance of prey species. More than 3000 lions live in this ecosystem.

2- African tiger: These lonely predators are commonly seen in the Cironera region but are found throughout the national park and have a population of about 1,000.

3- African Bush Elephant: Herds successfully recovered from population declines in the 1980s due to poaching, which has a population of more than 5,000, and is particularly numerous in the northern area of the park.

4- Eastern black rhinoceros: there are mainly around kopjes in the middle of the garden, and there are still very few individuals due to poaching. People from the Masai Mara Reserve cross the boundaries of the park and sometimes enter Serengeti from the northern section. There is currently a small but stable number of 31 people in the park.

5- Buffalo Cape: It is the largest number of the Big Five, with about 53,000 people inside the park.

Serengeti National Park can be divided into 3 sections.

  1. The southern/central folk part (Seronera Valley), is what the Maasai called “Serengeti”, the land of endless plains. It’s a classic savanna, full of trees, full of wildlife.
  2. The western boardwalk features the Grumeti River and has more forests and dense jungles.
  3. The north, Lobo District, meets the Kenyan Masai Mara Reserve, the least visited area.

The Serengeti ecosystem is one of the oldest systems on Earth. The essential features of climate, plants and animals have hardly changed in the past millions of years. The same early man appeared in Olduvai Gorge about two million years ago. Some lifestyles, death, adaptation, and migration are as old as the hills themselves.

Things to do in Serengeti National Park

The main attraction here is wildlife. Serengeti National Park has the highest concentration of large mammals in the world, so you’re supposed to discover giraffes, elephants, hippos, and of course black.

You will also encounter more than 500 species of birds, including ostriches and birds. But while seeing an animal or two at a time can be exciting, nothing compares to seeing them in a box. Major migration in Serengeti main draw:

This trip of over a million wildlife, zebras and other hooved animals is one of the largest wildlife glasses in the world. When you get tired of staring at the shepherds, head to Moru Kopjes to socialize with rhinoceros or to the Retina Hippo Pool to see these huge mammals revolving around them.

Here are things you can do while in Serengeti National Park

Great immigration

1 in the best things to do in Serengeti National Park

Cironera River Valley (Central Serengeti)

2 of Best Things to Do in Serengeti National Park

Ngorongoro Conservation Area
3 in the best things to do in Serengeti National Park

Tal Al-Nawabi (Eastern Serengeti)

4 of Best Things to Do in Serengeti National Park

Lobo Valley (North Serengeti)

5 of Best Things to Do in Serengeti National Park

Morrow Cupges (Serengeti Center)

6 of Best Things to Do in Serengeti National Park

Retina Hippo Pool (Central Serengeti)

7 of Best Things to Do in Serengeti National Park

Gromti River (western corridor)

8 of Best Things to Do in Serengeti National Park

Balloon Serengeti Safari

9 of Best Things to Do in Serengeti National Park

Bologna Springs (North Serengeti)

10 on the best things to do in Serengeti National Park

Serengeti National Park Entry Fee

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Serengeti National Park | Everything You Need To Know 5

Serengeti National Park The Best Tourist Attraction To Visit in Tanzania

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  • […] Serengeti was the only name I knew. Ngorongoro Crater was vaguely familiar but Lake Manyera and Tarangire National Parks were unknown to me. (See the safari itinerary page.) Serengeti National Park was established in 1952. It is home to what is one of greatest wildlife concentrations on earth. The population of wildbeasts, zebras, and antelope is beyond compare. The number of lions, cheetahs, elephants, giraffes, and birds is startling. The park covers 5,700 sq miles, (14,763 sq km). It can hold one and a half Yellowstone National Parks with room to spare. And it has a feathered dinosaur, the Secretary Bird. […]

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