Pharmacotherapy of HIV/AIDS

·         AIDs is a set of symptoms (or syndrome) caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The clinical features may be due to HIV per se or as a result of immune system destruction.

·         It has the following features:

o   Fever, diarrhoea, weight loss, skin rashes, sores, generalized pruritis, altered mental status, persistent severe h eadache, oral thrush or Kaposi’s sarcoma may be found in patients with advanced disease

o   Most patients, however, present with symptoms due to opportunistic infections such as tuberculosis, candidiasis and pyogenic infections


Wells BG, DiPiro J, Schwinghammer T (2013), Pharmacotherapy Handbook (6th Ed). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
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DiPiro JT, Talbert RL, Yee GC, Matzke GR, Wells BG, Posey ML, (2008): Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach (7th ed): New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Katz M D., Matthias KR., Chisholm-Burns M A., Pharmacotherapy(2011) Principles & Practice Study Guide: A Case-Based Care Plan Approach: New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Schwinghammer TL, Koehler JM (2009) Pharmacotherapy Casebook: A Patient-Focused Approach (7th ed): New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

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