Structure of the Flower

·         A typical flower is made up of the following parts;-

§  Peduncle –the flower stalk

§  Receptacle –bears the floral organs

§  Forms the hypanthium if elongated below the calyx

§  If below the ovary it is the gynophore or stalk of the ovary

§  Calyx –made up of sepals (to protect young flower bud)

§  Polysepalous if sepals are separate

§  Gamosepalous if sepals are fused

§  Corolla –made up of petals (often colourful)

§  Polypetalous if petals are separate

§  Gamopetalous if petals are fused

§  Perianth –formed from sepals and petals together

§  Stamen –male reproductive structures of the flower

§  Made up of anther and filaments (produce pollen grains)

§  Monadelphous if stamens are fused

§  Diadelphous if stamens are separate

§  Pollen –Grains containing the male gametes

§  Pistil–female part of the flower

§  Made up of stigma, style and ovary

§  Carpel –A unit of compound pistil or ovary

§  Ovule–bears the female gametes, located in the ovaries

§  Gynoecium –one or more pistils (carpel, ovary, ovules, female gametes)

§  Androecium –one or two whorls of stamens (filament, anther, pollen grains, male gametes)

Pink Petaled Flowers

Trees and Evans (15th Edition) Pharmacognosy, W. B. Saunders
Expert in Digital Marketing, Content Creator, and Website Developer.